PCB Fabrication at Home

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If you want your PCB fabrication to be done professionally, you should hire a company that specializes in printed circuit boards. However, you should also be prepared to shoulder huge costs, especially if you need high-temperature materials. If you want to save some money and hone your skills at the same time, you can try making your own printed circuit boards at home. Do-it-yourself PCBs are actually becoming more and more popular today.

With do-it-yourself PCBs, you can create numerous projects. You can start with simple projects and gradually move on to more complex projects. If you have already worked with pre-kitted PCBs in the past, you will surely appreciate the differences between pre-printed PCBs and PCBs that were hand wired on a perf board. The process is actually pretty simple. Simply convert a schematic to a board, purchase the necessary parts, and then assemble them together.

PCB fabricationPCB fabrication at home may seem complicated at first, especially if you are used to using pre-kitted boards. There is no need for you to be hesitant though. You just have to get a PCB layout program and gather the necessary tools for the project. You can use resist-pens and Microsoft Office’s Paint to define traces. Although you may be limited to which circuits you can use, you can still make a pretty amazing PCB.

Anyway, if you do not think that simple circuits will satisfy you, you can get a PCB layout software program for free. Layout tools, such as Eagle PCB, are excellent for PCB fabrication at home. They are commercial quality yet free of charge. They are also downloadable for both Windows and Linux operating systems. The only downsize of using this software is that you are only allowed to use one schematic and a PCB of about 2.5 inches by 4 inches. This is actually not bad if you are just doing a personal project.

Also, the software is not difficult to use. You should study the component libraries and interface. This software program is much better than Microsoft Office’s Paint and etching markers. You can purchase a paid version if you think you need more features. When it comes to etching equipment, you can buy a laser printer and a laminating machine if you plan on using the toner transfer method for your project.

Use the laser printer to print your PCB layout. Then, use the laminating machine to re-fuse the toner on a blank copper PCB. Soak the PCB until the paper dissolves and only the toner is left behind. All areas covered with copper will remain as component pads or circuit traces. You can use an etch tank in which a couple of aquarium pumps circulate Ammonium Persulfate over the PCBs and a couple of aquarium heaters maintain a specific temperature.

Depending on how fresh your solution is and how thick your PCB is, the entire process can last for ten to thirty minutes. After the etching process, you should remove the toner with a solvent. You should also tin the board using a piece of solderwick and a soldering iron. If you want to improve the appearance of your PCB as well as prevent the copper from oxidizing early, you should watch the time. Finally, you can drill the holes for the components.

PCB fabrication at home is pretty simple. You do not need to buy complex equipment either. However, your success rate may not be one hundred percent. You may need to do some trial and error or repeat the processes a few times if you are not lucky the first time. Nonetheless, DIY printed circuit board fabrication can still prove to be a worthwhile activity.

February 16, 2015

Purchasing Commercial Real Estate Long Island

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Investing in real estate can be a very rewarding venture. In particular, purchasing commercial real estate Long Island can help many investors and entrepreneurs find a stable and comfortable livelihood. However, as much as there are many advantages to purchasing a commercial real estate property as a form of investment, there are also serious risks involved. An investor has to understand these risks in order to avoid them. More importantly, an investor should know how to choose the right property to invest in. There are many commercial properties available, but not all of these can be profitable investments in li realestatefinder.

To Buy or to Lease Commercial Real Estate

li realestatefinderMany investors who go into real estate often find themselves asking: is it better to buy a property, or should I just lease it instead? This is the first question that real estate investors should ask themselves before they make any decisions. In the short run, leasing a commercial property appears to be more practical and apt especially for smaller businesses that have no long-term plans or those that are still testing the feasibility of the business.

However, many investors who have been in the business for a long time will advise you that buying the property is the best option to take. Owning the property means less overhead costs in terms of the rent that needs to be paid. Also, the property owner will not need to depend on the volatile market prices that could seriously affect the rental rate.

Advantages and Risks of Purchasing Commercial Real Estate There are also other advantages and risks to purchasing a commercial real estate property that not all investors are able to recognize. For one, there is a serious effect on the liquidity of the investor. Buying a real estate property is sure to cost a lot of cash and thus decrease the liquid assets of the investor. While the property is still an asset and can also be sold for cash, it is not easy to sell the property in the event that cash is needed.

In relation to this, the investor’s cash flow is also greatly affected when he or she buys a commercial real estate property. Renting out the property will provide a monthly income for the investor, but if the tenants are unable to make the payments, then no cash will come in. Also, repairs and maintenance work will require the outflow of cash as well.

Choosing Your Commercial Real Estate Property

Understanding the advantages and risks involved is essential for any investor of real estate, but even more important is the task of choosing the right commercial property. As with all things related to real estate, location is one of the top factors that affect what property an investor should choose. Many investors consider buying properties from well-developed cities. Long Island, for example, has undergone significant developments in recent years.

What makes investing in commercial real estate Long Island even more lucrative is the fact that there are still parts of the neighborhood that are expected to boom. This means that right now, properties in locations that are yet to be developed still have relatively low market rates. Once the development starts however, prices can increase to more than double their current price.

Doing On-site Research

Once an investor has decided on a location from where to buy commercial property, it is then essential that he or she conduct on-site research as intensive as possible. How are the businesses in the area? Is business booming or is it slowing down? What is the physical condition of the property and what are the real estate laws that govern its use? Whether an investor is buying commercial real estate Long Island or one in a suburban location, there are many facts to consider, but an investor should take all the time possible to study all of these before making an investment decision.

February 14, 2015