Custom Pins: Handy For All Groups


You can have custom pins made in any color, shape or size. You can even acquire a duplicate of your company logo. There are numerous professional reasons you could do this, be it a part of a uniform, for promotional purposes or even a sponsorship for a non-profit event. As an individual, you might want to have a family pin created to hand out at the annual reunion. Also, maybe your book club is celebrating its fifth year together and you would like a way to honor the occasion, using customized pin is definitely a great idea. Something else that has grown in popularity is to have a wedding pin created to hand out to each guest as a remembrance of your special day. There are other numerous reasons to employ this distinctive service. People love palpable items regardless of the value and size. Simply put, people love free stuff. Regardless of the event, what better to hand out that something customized that they can sport on their purse, lapel, scarf, hat or tie?

Custom pins are available in some varieties. One such variety is Cloisonné. Cloisonne is the method of decorating metal. The hard enamel Cloisonne badge is a metal pin that is inlayed with enamel and then baked at a high temperature to cure the paint. It is then polished. Once done, the pin is smooth across the top.

Another variation is the soft enamel. Soft enamel pins also have enamel fill but they are air dried unlike the hard enamel which is baked. The fill sits lower than the metal ridges that form the outlines of the badge. This style of pin is not completely smooth across the top. It has a somewhat raised outline. The soft enamel is competitive alternative to the hard enamel.

The die struck badge is normally seen in metal colors. It might be colored but most of the time, it is not. These are the only sort of pin that is done three dimensionally.

The photo engraved custom pins are an alternative to the enamel pins when you are in need of something with numerous details. This is a thinner option than soft or hard enamel.

Lastly, there is the photo dome pin. Such pins are fitted with a copy of the picture you provided and the epoxy is smoothed over the top to a fine domed finish.

Custom PinsYou can find firms online that offer this sort of customized work. Some have pricing information available on their website while others require you to send information on their quote form. Generally, the information they will need includes a description of the type of custom pins you are looking for, your contact information and a copy of your artwork. After you have submitted the form, the firm will process your quote request and they will contact you with an estimated price. Before agreeing to have any work done, make sure to thoroughly read the contacted terms. Inquire not only about the production time but also the shipping time. You want to make sure that your order will get delivered to you in time for the scheduled event.

Indeed, custom pins have already come a long way. Nowadays, they can be for business, professional and personal use. Numerous young people have even created the pins into a craze. They can have their pins with a photo of their favorite celebrities including actors, actresses and music icons. Teenagers utilize these pins as a tool in expressing their personal statements. Personalities surface with the sporting of slogans and designs reflected on these pins which have risen incredibly in terms of popularity.

Dealing with Collectors of Custom Baseball Pins

There are a lot of reasons for a person to pick up a hobby. It doesn’t matter what kind of hobby it is as long as you are enjoying it. Some would just start a collection and take it from there and one of the items that is sought after are custom baseball pins.

You can expect buying, selling and trading your pins with other collectors one you get started. You might also meet other collectors. Some, with the addition of collecting baseball-themed pins, would follow another theme, like getting trading pins from amusement parks like Disneyland. Some would also collect trading pins coming from other sports like basketball. These pins will show the name of the team and the year when the pin was produced.

Aside from buying the pins, you can also trade pins with fellow collectors. This is an easy way to get the pins that you want. Before starting a trade, both collectors must agree to certain conditions first, depending on what one collector may ask from another and vice versa. With new technology and Internet, emails are used to be able to talk to other collectors that might be far away. Sporting events like a baseball game can have pin collector attendees and you can do a trade during that event.

custom baseball pinsSpecial pins are also present with collecting trading pins. These are the types that are only made for special occasions that will not happen again. Other special pins include those that are made by major sponsors for a sporting event, like Coca-Cola. These pins are only produced during the event and production of these pins is discontinued once the event is over.

These custom baseball pins are made with copper as the main material. The bases to be used are moulded and then cut and are electro-plated afterwards. Depending on what the pin should show, they can be as small as 1.5 inches in size or as big as 2.5 inches. Military clasps are sometimes used to hold these pins in place.

There are no age limits in collecting custom baseball pins. Little kids that might still need their parents’ assistance and need to accompany them during games or trading events can be collectors already. Old people may still be at it in supporting their favourite teams and at the same time, collect trading pins. They may already have a large collection and some vintage pins may be found with them. Some collectors would be serious in completing their collection that they may event pay a lot of money for a single pin.

As with any hobby, collecting custom baseball pins may be difficult in the beginning but once you are able to see how it works, it becomes a fun thing to do. Other collectors would be willing to provide help to those that are just starting and would even give tips on where to get special pins and such.

If you are to meet another collector for a trade, there are a few things that must be remembered:

•You will need to keep your pins in pristine order and make them presentable. No one will look at a pin that is dilapidated.

•During events, you can easily notice a fellow collector since he would usually wear his pins on his clothes. Politely call their attention if you want to trade with them.

•Make sure that you don’t touch their pins when you are looking at them; ask the person to bring the pin closer so you can look at it.

•Present your own pin that you want to give out in exchange to see if the other person will be interested or not.

•Once a trade is done, a handshake and saying, “Thank you,” will close the deal.

Factors That Affect Production and Delivery Speed of Ordered Silicon Bracelets

Speed of delivery of ordered items is one of the main sources of concern for many online shoppers these days. To buy something online and to wait for it to arrive is something that many people will find hard to do. Of course, sellers want to satisfy customers but the speed of production of manufacturers is what explains the delay on their side. Yes, production and delivery are related. Of course, this includes those silicon bracelets that are popular among online shoppers.

There are many sellers of standard and custom-made silicon bracelets out in the internet today. However, only a few of them are really open about the way that their systems operate. There is an acceptable standard production and delivery timeframe among sellers of these items. Of course, it cannot be denied that some entities out there can make deliveries on a shorter amount of time. There are others that consume more time when it comes to this matter but are observably getting additional loyal customers.

Yes, there are factors that affect the speed of production and delivery of silicon bracelets that can be ordered online. It matters for every prospective customer to know about these things so that realistic expectations could be set. These factors are the following:

silicon bracelets•Category of orders placed: Generally, customers could either go for readymade bracelets or customized ones. The former are those that are shown in the product gallery pages of the online seller. These are mass-produced based from the designs produced by the source. The latter will be produced based from the customization requests of a customer. Of course, orders placed in this category will consume more time during manufacturing and on delivery. Those who want fast deliveries could just prefer “in stock” items being sold by online shops.

•Type of bracelets ordered: Because of the presence of many materials that could be made into bracelets, options have become wider for customers. Silicon bracelets could be further divided into subtypes. Some are more difficult and time-consuming to produce than others. As an example, debossed bracelets will eat up a lot of time during the manufacturing process. The operation of the heat press, cooling down of the pressed bracelet, and the addition of finishing touches could take between 3 to 5 minutes per piece. Surface-printed bracelets are faster to produce and large batches could be processed simultaneously with minimal errors.

•Intricacy of designs and customization requests: Customization services have opened the room for the creativity of customers. Armed with designing apps and programs, intricate designs could be produced. While it is the job of sellers and manufacturers to entertain requests of customers, they will admit that complicated designs can really slow down production. This is true because their people will spend more time per bracelet in order to ensure that the exact outputs expected by customers are made. There could be delays in the production and delivery too if the designing job is given to the seller’s people. The process will take time most especially when the seller couldn’t come up with designs that will please the customer.

•Location issues: The location being mentioned here pertains to the distances between the seller, manufacturer, and the customer. First of all, it is normal for sellers to have foreign manufacturers as their source of products. The distance between these two entities could be a major factor in the speed of deliveries made to customers. The location of the customer is also a factor. Addresses proximal to the seller’s facilities could get fast deliveries of course. If you are in a foreign country, deliveries will take much longer. A two-week wait is normal for this instance.

There are still many factors that could affect how speedy production and delivery of ordered silicon bracelets are made. The ones mentioned above would surely give you an idea of how long you are supposed to wait for the items you’re planning to buy.

Tips for Using Digital Signage Software to Create Content

When you are using digital signage software to create content for your digital sign, it is important that you not treat it as if you were using PowerPoint or website creation programs. You need to consider how the intended audience will see your digital sign. Here are some tips on how to create digital signage content.

•Consider where the digital sign will be placed. Will the sign be placed at the eye level of the viewer or above it, such that they will have to look up to see it? How far will the viewer be from the sign? The answers to these questions will determine how large is the text size you will have to set on your digital signage software. The rule of thumb is that for every ten feet of distance from the viewer you will need an inch of text size.

Digital Signage Software•How long will your viewer spend looking at the sign? If the digital sign will be put in a public area with foot traffic, the “dwell time” will likely be just a few seconds. On the other hand, if it will be placed in a food court or waiting area, they may spend longer looking at it. This is important because it determines how you will tailor the content. If the dwell time is short, then your content should take just a few seconds to deliver the message.

•Tailor the content to your desired audience. For example, if you want to appeal to a younger audience, you should create content using digital signage software that will appeal to their interests.

•What approach will you take? Depending on who your audience is, you can create digital signs that are pure advertisements or add informational elements such as news or weather reports. And don’t forget to include a call to action where you will ask the viewer to do something after reading the message, such as buy or try out.

•Use digital signage software that allows content designers to work in “layers”. This means that you can divide the design into smaller components such as the logo, images and graphics, so that they can be modified separately, i.e. by animating them or adding highlights, without affecting the other parts of the design. The software that you use should be able to integrate with other programs such as Adobe Photoshop or Quicktime so that you can use them on the various components.

•Choose software that supports database integration so that you can easily present fresh content on your signs.

•Don’t forget your brand image. When you are designing your content, you should make sure that it is consistent with your brand identity by using elements such as your company logo or colors as well as product images and taglines.

•Add attention-getting elements. One of the easiest ways to grab the attention of viewers is to add some animation to it, even if it is only limited. For example, you can have the logo changing color or the letters slowly disappearing and reappearing.

•Avoid creating content that has too many elements in order to avoid overloading the design. You should avoid putting more than seven items within your content zone.

•Create a playlist. One of the worst things that you can do is to have static content that does not change. In order to prevent this, make a playlist on your digital signage software that changes the content every few seconds and the overall design should change thrice a day, in the morning, afternoon and evening. This will keep people interested in your sign rather than having them tune it out because it is always the same.

Getting to Know SARMs a Bit More

The acronym SARMs stands for Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators. A hormone called androgen serves as a ligand (any ion or molecule that binds to a central atom) that attach to the androgen receptors.

It is possible for a certain drug to offer favorable results to a specific tissue if that drug would be able to stimulate or block a particular tissue’s receptor. It can do that while minimizing the unfavorable effects that synthetic or natural steroidal hormones might bring to the other tissues. This is good news for steroid users, especially if pharmaceutical companies will be able to develop such drug for human consumption.

Selective AR (androgen receptor) modulators can also give the same benefits that anabolic androgenic steroids (like testosterone) usually offer including fat reduction and increased muscle mass. SARMs offer the said benefits together with a lesser possibility of producing the unfavorable side effects that typically come with steroids.

There are pharmaceutical companies that are currently studying and investigating the said compound. These companies hope that they will be able to develop something that can bring safe and beneficial effects to humans.

The Reason for Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators’ Existence

Typically, doctors prescribe steroids for patients who need to undergo hormone replacement therapy. Steroid is also prescribed to patients suffering from cancer, osteoporosis, or other diseases that can lead to muscle wasting.

Although testosterone replacement therapy or anabolic steroids can bring great help, it is a known fact that they also give undesirable side effects.

This dilemma has stirred the desire and inspired the scientists to find something that will be able to give the same benefits as the steroids without causing unfavorable side effects. What comes next is nonstop research which eventually created an opportunity for sarms to be discovered.

The said receptor modulators can make muscle growth possible in the target area and eliminate or reduce unfavorable side effects.

The discovery of selective AR modulators gave a new hope that it will be able to serve as a safer alternative to steroids. But before that, the pharmaceutical companies must be able to make the said receptor safe for human consumption.

A number of pharmaceutical companies are still exploring, evaluating, and testing possible AR modulators because there are several possible receptor modulators out there. Most bodybuilders, athletes, or fitness enthusiasts are interested in MK-2866 (ostarine) and andarine (popularly known as S-4).

Bodybuilders and athletes are also interested in other AR modulators, but the most popular are the mentioned two.

The Benefits

sarmsAnabolic steroids or hormone replacement could have been the perfect solution if not for the unwanted side effects. The unfavorable side effects include cholesterol imbalance, acne, hypertension, body hair growth, liver toxicity, and heart enlargement (left ventricular hypertrophy). Some men may also experience baldness, possible simulation of prostate cancer, gynecomastia (man breast), and testosterone production shutdown.

The selective androgen receptor modulators can provide the benefits that the users get from steroids while minimizing the occurrence of the unfavorable side effects of anabolic steroids or hormone replacement. The said selective AR modulators can be taken orally. Steroid users appreciate the idea that they no longer need to go through the inconvenience of taking the shots if a drug that contains selective AR modulators is already available.

Other advantages of selective androgen receptor modulators over steroids or testosterone replacement therapy are: similar benefits of testosterone, no conversion to estrogen and dihydrotestosterone, and absence of harsh liver toxicity which usually comes from methylated compounds.

SARMs can give a lot of benefits and probably even more. For now, it is still considered one of the research chemicals that need to be explored further. Hopefully, pharmaceutical companies will be able to make it safe for human consumption.

SEO Services Didn’t Get The Memo About The End of Search Engine Optimization

Right now someone is publishing content that is related to search engine optimization. They are not going to mention a positive outcome, instead, they are going to focus on the fact that it’s a dying element overall. That’s right, you’re going to find that there is a lot of publicity that is going to this notion that the end of optimization is starting right now, or has already died in the past. There’s no end to the people that are going to try to convince you of this, and throughout the internet there are people that claim everything is dead. This view point is sad, and while some believe it, many SEO services just aren’t ready to throw in the towel on what they are doing. If you want to throw in the towel, you could, but you will find that the competition that you have in your niche won’t be so quick to do this.

SEO services today are in charge of working withSEO a lot of clients and creating influence within search engines that would normally not get a lot of attention. If you’re working with a professional right now, than you know how important this is for the future of your overall market share. If you play your cards right, you will definitely see a brighter future, but if you don’t work on this within the correct parameters, you will not make it overall. It’s imperative that you work out the right pieces, and you fully understand that the end is not near, although the publishing of the same content over and over again is.

Remembering The End of The World (Mayan Edition)

Remember 2012, more importantly the end that was publicized by everyone that was convinced that the end was going to happen. There was so much conjecture about this, and those scholars that definitely knew something was going to happen, were wrong too. This is something that happens with SEO all the time. You’ll find that someone will post something along the lines of the end of link building, for instance, and many proper websites will link to it. Some will even say that it’s the best thing to read today and will definitely recommend that you stop linking and building any sort of internet marketing collateral.

The truth of the matter is simple, there is no end to the need of getting links pointed to your website. Remember that the end of the world did not happen like the Mayan calendar was supposed to predict, and that is something that is definitely illustrated through the constant push of media components saying that the end of search engine optimization is here.

Y2K Disasters

Remember when Y2K was going to kill off all the computers and things were really going to go down hill? That’s all gone now and you will not see that this is any sort of revolution. You laugh now, but the same thing is going on with internet marketing as many people are ramping up for the death of the IP address, the death of Cat-5, the death of wireless internet, the internet of things, and so many other things that are just going to come in and take over the lives of anyone that wants to work within technology.

Much like Y2K was nothing more than a bad dream, SEO services have to deal with the constant stream of ideas that are founded in pure speculation. This is not going to go away and as long as search engines continue to publish their algorithm changes and tell people to watch out for another update, people are going to publish content that is in the direct light of Y2K and other disasters as well.

What Is Really Going On?

Truth be told, search engine marketing and internet optimization as a whole are chaotic. There is a chaos to everything that doesn’t have rhyme or reason. You will find that today the search results will list your page at number one, and you will have full authority within your niche but at the end of the day, you will find that you have nothing to show for it.

There may be an algorithm shift that strikes your site down, and when you were at #1 earlier, you didn’t realize that this was going to happen. However, when you are deleted from the top spot and you are no longer indexed nearly as fast, you will find that your site will get pushed in the wrong direction. When you see your site plummeting from the loss of traffic, you will wonder what is going on.

What is really going on is simple, search engine providers are tightening up the way that they list sites. If you’re not relevant to certain keywords, if yon don’t have a good bounce rate, if you’re buying links, or you’re doing anything that their algorithm deems is wrong, you will get penalized. The penalty system within the world of marketing is something that brings up a lot of conjecture, but one thing is for sure, it can derail your whole site’s influence online. In order to fight back, you will need to hire a professional marketing agency for example visit site, to help you build the right protocol in terms of SEO and beyond.

How Intraocular Hypertension Is Treated by Your Eye Doctor

If you are forty years or older, you should talk with your Spanish Fort eye doctor about intraocular hypertension. This is a condition in which the pressure in your eye is higher than the normal levels of 10 to 21 mm Hg without vision loss or optic nerve damage. If this condition is left untreated, it can result in increased risk for developing glaucoma. It has been estimated that some three to six million Americans, including as much as 10% of the population above 40, have intraocular pressures of 21 mm Hg or higher, without demonstrating any damage related to glaucoma.

eye doctorA study of people with intraocular hypertension revealed that they have an estimated average risk of 10% of developing glaucoma over the next five years. However, the risk may be halved if the pressure is reduced through laser surgery or medication. And the risk may be lowered even further as more advanced techniques are introduced for detecting glaucomatous damage.

Since people who have intraocular hypertension don’t typically demonstrate any symptoms, getting regular screening from your Spanish Fort eye doctor is vital to screen for the condition, particularly if you have the following risk factors:

  • Aged fifty and above
  • Of African-American descent
  • With a family history of glaucoma
  • Are nearsighted since those who have thin corneas are at higher risk for developing glaucoma

How often should you be tested?

  • Those who are below 40 and demonstrate no symptoms should be screened every three to five years.
  • Those with risk factors should be screened on a more frequent basis depending on the recommendations of their eye doctor.
  • Those with risk factors for glaucoma should be screened even more frequently.

How does the Spanish Fort eye doctor conduct testing for intraocular pressure? There are a number of tests that are conducted as part of a comprehensive eye exam.

  • A test for visual acuity using an eye chart. This will determine if your eyes have suffered any damage.
  • A slit lamp microscope is used to examine the front of your eye, including the cornea, lens, iris and anterior chamber.
  • Tonometry is used to determine the pressure of the eye using a variety of methods ranging from the use of a tonometer to an air puff noncontact test.
  • Examination of the optic nerve by dilating the eye to determine if there is any damage.
  • Gonioscopy is used to determine the drainage angle of your eye. This test is performed using a special contact lens and determines if the angles are open, closed or narrowed.
  • Visual field testing looks at your side or peripheral vision to determine if there has been any loss. This test is conducted once a year for those at low risk and as often as every two months for those with high risk factors.
  • Corneal thickness testing using an ultrasound probe to determine how accurate intraocular pressure readings are. Those with thin corneas may return falsely low readings while thicker corneas may give falsely high ones.

Your doctor may alternately prescribe medication to help lower the pressure. These are in the form of topical medicines that are applied directly to the surface of the eye.

When should you be treated by your Spanish Fort eye doctor? Some doctors may opt to start treatment if the pressure is above 21 mm Hg while others may treat only if there is evidence that optic nerve damage is occurring. However, most doctors will treat if monitoring shows that pressures are consistently in the 28 to 30 mm Hg range. In addition, you will likely start treatment if you begin to show symptoms such as blurred visions, haloes or pain, as well as if your intraocular pressure has increased recently and continues to increase on succeeding visits.

7 Interesting Types of Biker Patches

For serious motorcycle riders, biker patches are not just ornaments and decorations that makes their bike stand out from the rest. These patches tell stories. These patches can be badges of honor and they often symbolize association with important organizations.

Here are some of the types of biker patches:

1. Club Patch – This is the most popular type of biker patches. You can find this patch at the back of the rider’s vest. You can either see a set of two or three club patches on a motorcycle rider’s vest depending on the club they are associated with. These patches contain the club logo or symbol. The club patch also contains the chapter or city logo.

Motorcycle club patches are often a source of honor and pride. These patches are not bought, they are earned by the club members.

Biker Patches2. Charity Rides Patch – Charity motorcycle rides are popular these days. These charity rides generate money for a cause or a charitable institution. Motorcycle riders who participate in these charity events receive a commemorative patch. These patches are also a source of pride and honor since these patches are proof that the rider supported great causes and helped raise money for charitable organizations. Charity rides patches can be a great conversation piece and they give the ride bragging rights.

3. Travel Patches – Serious motorcycles often travel to several states and cities in their motorcycle. Travel patches are used by riders who had many epic motorcycle trips. These patches have different designs. Most travel patches showcase the places that the rider has visited. It is like some sort of souvenir. Travel badges can also be a symbol of honor because these patches are actually awarded to those who won the Iron Butt title.

4. Rally Patches –Rally patches are usually given to bikers who have participated in various motorcycle rallies in the United States. There are a number of motorcycle rallies that allows bike enthusiasts to socialize with each other. Here are some of the rallies that award patches to the participants:

Sturgis Motorcycle Rally
Black Bike Week
Daytona Beach Bike Week
Republic of Texas Rally
Oyster Run
Golden Aspen Rally

5. Flag Patches

Motorcycle riders often wear flag biker patchesto show how proud they are of their country. Flag patches are often worn by bikers to honor their country. American bikers also often wear their state flags.

6. Military Service Patches

Bikers who are active or past members of the military often wear military patches. Military patches are often sources of honor. War veterans are proud of their military service. There are different kinds and types of military service patches. Some patches represent the branch of service. Some military patches signify the missions that they have accomplished. Some patches signify achievement and rank. Here are some of the common types of military service patches:

Branch type patches
ACU rank insignia
Law enforcement officer patches
Military Decals
Rank insignia
USAF patches
US Army patches
1st Cavalry Division patch
Corps Deployment Patches
Division Deployment Patches
Corps Deployment Patches
Army Aviation Patches

7. Brand Patches

There are riders who are loyal to one brand like Harley Davidson or Ducati. Here are some of the famous brand patches:

Ducati Patch
Honda Goldwing Patch
Indian Fender Patch
Suzuki Patch
Yamaha Round Patch

Biker patches are not mere design pieces. Each patch symbolize achievement, camaraderie, association, and honor. These patches are also symbols of the bikers identity. A biker can be a war veteran, a motorcycle club rider, a casual biker, a working rider, or a brand rider. Each patch tells an interesting story about the bike and about the adventures of the rider.


Various Types of Logo Lanyards

It’s important to make sure that your logo lanyards reflect the group, company or even the event that you belong to. In choosing your lanyards, it’s not only important to think about the colors that will be used or the designs that will be placed in there. It’s also essential that you think about which kind of fabrics will be used, as well as the style of printing that would be done.

Fabrics Used

Your logo lanyards will look every bit as great and as professional as you want them to be if you are able to use fabrics that complement the design that you have in mind. Here are some of the best fabrics that you can try:

logo lanyards•Nylon. Dubbed as the highest quality of fabric, Nylon is sleek and sassy, at the same time. They’re super smooth so they’re nice to touch and they look good, and that’s why they are often used at meetings or trade shows. Your logos will be silkscreened on the lanyards if you choose nylon as your fabric.

•Polyester. If quality and affordability is what you have in mind, you should try polyester because it is a high-quality fabric that makes it easy for designs to be imprinted on it, especially when hot stamping or silk screening is done. It’s the same as printing images on tumblers, coffee cups, or T-shirts, so you can be sure that the results will be what you want and you would not be disappointed, too.

The Style

•Tubular. Tubular Logo Lanyards make use of polyester twill as the base and then the material is placed through a tube so that the fabric can be stitched in such a way that it would give an intricately designed lanyard that’s nice to look at and easy to wear. It’s also quite comfortable, too.

•Woven. Also using polyester lanyards, weaving the material gives it an old-school and vintage look that you surely will appreciate, especially if you are such an old soul. This way, it will look different from its contemporaries and people will certainly look your way once they see that you’re wearing a woven lanyard. It will look professional and clean—which is exactly what you need. However, it would be best to keep in mind that uncomplicated texts and graphics should be used for woven lanyards because the design might not be imprinted well if it’s too geometrical or complex.

•Dye-Sublimated. Now, if you want your logo to be on both sides of the lanyard, you should go for dye-sublimated ones because these use a process called “sublimation” in which the designs are printed onto the material. There’s no need to worry that the designs wouldn’t look as good as they are on paper. The designs will not only be on the surface of the material, it will be as if they are truly part of the material already. So, you would not have any hassle when it comes to thinking of how to iron it or wash it. However, you should keep in mind that if you want dye-sublimated lanyards, you need to order in batches as it’s not very easy to make—but the results would be so worth it.

Choose what you need

Don’t just choose lanyards without even thinking about their quality. After all, you are asking for logo lanyards to be made—so make sure that they’re of high quality.

Remember, good quality always comes from good research. So, choose the kind of fabric and style that would go with the logo lanyards you have in mind.

The Printed Circuit Board: What is it? Who invented it? What is it made from? What is it used for?

The printed circuit board is one of the greatest inventions in terms of technology. The common applications of PCB assembly are television sets, radio sets, cellular phones and gaming gadgets.

What is PCB assembly? What is it made from? A printed circuit board is the interconnection of electronic components attached on a non-conductive base. A printed circuit board has 2 basic parts, the thin leads and the substrate or base. The thin leads, electrically conductive, are commonly made of metal. The base or substrate is made of non-conductive materials. Some of the raw materials used to manufacture PCBs are laminates, copper foil, copper-clad laminates, and epoxy-coated glass fabric (known as prepregs).

PCB assemblyThere are 3 general types of boards: single-sided, double-sided and multilayered. The single-sided type has the leads or conductors attached on only one side of the board, while double-sided boards are types where conductors cross from one side to the opposite side of the substrate. Several layers of printed circuits make up the multilayered type.

PCB assembly is electrically done using different technologies. The two known methods are “surface-mount” and “through-hole” technologies. The first, the surface-mount technology, is a method where conductors are directly attached or soldered to the substrate. USB flash drives are an example of this technology. The older method, through-hole method, uses the method of leads passing through tiny holes on the base, and soldered to connect to the circuits pads on the other side of the substrate. One perfect example of this type is the personal computer.

Who are the people behind printed circuit boards? PCB changed in many ways and continually changes up to this time, and many inventors and innovators are involved. Some of them are Albert Hanson, Thomas Edison, Charles Ducas and Paul Eisler. The German inventor, Albert Hanson, invented his version of the PCB in 1903. He made use of flat conductive foil placed onto an insulated board, which formed several layers. Chemical method of plating conductors attached on linen paper was invented by Thomas Edison in 1904. Next is Charles Ducas who utilized inks, which are conductive of electrical charges, printed on stencils. This electroplating method of Ducas was invented in 1925. Paul Eisler of Austria invented the PCB for radio sets in 1936.

Eisler’s invention made it to the eyesight of the US Military during the Second World War. One of the greatest breakthroughs of PCB was during this war as it was used to detonate bombs, and used as proximity fuse. It gave way to the victory of the USA against Germany. The PCB concept became commercialized in mid 1950s. In 1961, Hazeltine Corporation patented their version of the printed circuit board. Hazeltine’s design is through-holed and multilayered. Compound designs came out, in which modern-day PCB originated. Integrated circuit chips were invented in the 1970s.

PCB assembly in general continually improved, and more uses of the PCBs were discovered. Combination of modern manufacturing techniques and printed circuit designs resulted in great changes.

What are the common applications of the PCB? Way back, the PCB was used by the military to ignite bombs. In the modern world, almost every electronic apparatus is made of the PCB. PCB is the foundation of communication devices, gaming gadgets, appliances, automobiles, and many others. It is also applicable in large industries with electronic and automatic controls, like in power plants, and factories.

Wrapping it all up, the printed circuit board started small and unnoticed, yet made it today. At present, this intricate invention makes day-to-day life less complicated in the office, at home, in school, in factories, and in every place you know.